Very Short Fact: On this day in 1938 Germany annexes the Sudetenland following the Munich Agreement, signed by Adolf Hitler and Neville Chamberlain on 30 September, 1938. Chamberlain had returned from Munich hailed as bringing “peace to Europe” after signing a pact with Germany.
"My good friends, for the second time in our history, a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour. I believe it is peace for our time."
At Berchtesgaden, Bad Godesberg, and finally at Munich in September 1938, he came to terms with Hitler. In effect, he allowed the Germans to annex Sudetenland on the basis of any timetable they chose, without British or French armed retaliation. For a brief moment, it seemed that this policy of surrender had mirrored the public’s response. Chamberlain returned in triumph, announcing, in an ominous phrase, that it was to be peace in our time.
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Image: Neville Chamberlain and the Munich Agreement, 1938, from Imperial War Museum. Public domain via Wikimedia Commons